Syllabus of B. Tech. IV Sem EX (RGPV)
Table of Contents
ToggleSyllabus of BT401 MathematicsIII
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
MODULE1 : Numerical Methods – 1
 Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations – Bisection method
 NewtonRaphson method and RegulaFalsi method.
 Finite differences Relation between operators
 Interpolation using Newton’s forward and backward difference formulae.
 Interpolation with unequal intervals: Newton’s divided difference and Lagrange’s formulae
MODULE2 : Numerical Methods – 2
 Numerical Differentiation
 Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s 1/3rd and 3/8 rules.
 Solution of Simultaneous Linear Algebraic Equations by Gauss’s Elimination
 Gauss’s Jordan
 Crout’s methods Jacobi’s
 GaussSeidal and Relaxation method.
MODULE3 : Numerical Methods – 3

 Ordinary differential equations: Taylor’s series
 Euler and modified Euler’s methods.
 Runge Kutta method of fourth order for solving first and second order equations. Milne’s and Adam’s predicatorcorrector methods.
 Partial differential equations: Finite difference solution two dimensional Laplace equation and Poission equation
 Implicit and explicit methods for one dimensional heat equation (BenderSchmidt and CrankNicholson methods)
 Finite difference explicit method for wave equation.
MODULE4 : Transform Calculus

 Laplace Transform Properties of Laplace Transform
 Laplace transform of periodic functions.
 Finding inverse Laplace transform by different methods convolution theorem.
 Evaluation of integrals by Laplace transform
 solving ODEs by Laplace Transform method
 Fourier transforms.
MODULE5 : Concept of Probability
 Probability Mass function
 Probability Density Function
 Discrete Distribution : Binomial
 Poisson’s Continuous Distribution : Normal Distribution Exponential Distribution
MODULE6 : Field work
 Visit to a local area to document environmental assets river/ forest/ grassland/ hill/ mountain
 Visit to a local polluted siteUrban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural
 Study of common plants insects birds.
 Study of simple ecosystemspond river hill slopes etc.
== END OF UNITS==
Syllabus of EX402 Electrical MachineI
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
UNIT1 : TransformerI
 Working principle emf. equation construction phasor diagrams
 equivalent circuit voltage regulation losses
 separation of hysteresis and eddy current losses efficiency
 tests : open circuit and short circuit load Sumpner’s test
 Condition for maximum efficiency and regulation
 Power and distribution transformer all day efficiency
 Excitation phenomenon.
 Autotransformer : working advantages
 its equivalent circuit and phasor diagram.
UNIT2 : TransformerII
 Three phase transformer :
 its construction groups and connections
 their working and applications;
 Scott connection ;
 Parallel operation of Transformers : application advantages requirement and load sharing;
 Tap changers cooling conservator and breather.
 Pulse and high frequency transformers
UNIT3 : Three phase Induction Motor I
 Working principle construction comparison of slip ring and squirrel cage motors
 steady state analysis phasor diagram and equivalent circuit
 power flow diagram torquespeed and powerspeed characteristics
 Losses and efficiency No load and block rotor test
 circle diagram
UNIT4 : Three phase Induction MotorII
 Starting of squirrel cage and slip ring motors power factor control
 Cogging & Crawling Double cage &Deep bar Indication Motor
 impact of unbalanced supply and harmonics on performance
 speed control braking
 Induction Generator. Applications
UNIT5 : Single Phase Motors
 Single Phase Induction motor;
 double revolving field theory equivalent circuit and its determination performance calculation
 starting methods and types of single phase Induction motors: their working principle and applications
 comparison with three phases Induction Motor.
 Single phase A.C. series motor Servo motors
 Linear Induction Motor
List of Experiments (expandable) :

 Perform turn ratio and polarity test on 1phasetransformer
 Perform load test on a 1phase transformer and plot its load characteristic
 Perform OC and SC tests on a 1phase transformer and determine its equivalent circuit. Also find its efficiency and regulation at different load and power factor.
 Perform OC and SC tests on a 3phase transformer and determine its equivalent circuit. Also find its efficiency and regulation at different load and power factor.
 Perform Sumpner’s test on two 1phase transformer and determine its efficiency at various load.
 Perform Noload and block rotor test on a 3 phase IM and determine its equivalent circuit.
 Perform load test on a 3 phase IM and plot its performance characteristics.
 Study various types of starters used for 3 IMs.
 Perform Noload and block rotor test on a 1 phase IM and determine its equivalent circuit.
== END OF UNITS==
Syllabus of EX403 Digital Electronics Logic Design
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
UNIT1 : Number Systems and Codes
 Digital number systems base conversion Binary Decimal octal
 Hexadecimal number system with radix Gray codes.
 Alphanumeric codes – ASCII code and BCD codes concept of parity
 complementr’s& (r1)’s subtraction with complements signed Binary numbers
 Error Detecting & Correcting codes.
 Basic Theorems & Properties of Boolean algebra : AND OR NOT operators laws of Boolean algebra
 Demorgon’s theorem Boolean expression & logic diagram.
 Negative logic Alternate logic gate representation (concept of bubbled gates) canonical and standard Forms (Min terms & Maxterms)
 sum of min terms & product of maxterms conversion between canonical forms.
 Truth table & maps 2345 and 6 variable maps solving digital problems using Maps Don’t care conditions Tabular minimization.
 Sum of product & product of sum reduction
 Exclusive OR & Exclusive NOR circuits
 Parity generator &checkers.
UNIT2 : Combinational Circuits
 Design procedure Adders (half and Full) subtractor (half and full) code convertors Analysis of design
 Universal building blocks Implementation of any logic circuit with only NAND gates or with only NOR gates
 Binary serial adder parallel adder serial/parallel adder look ahead carry generator BCD adder
 Binary multiplier Magnitude comparator
 Decoder Demultiplexer Encoders priority encoder
 Multiplexers & implementation of combinational logic diagram.
UNIT3 : Sequential Logic Circuit

 Latches SR latch with NAND & NOR gates D latch edge triggered flip flop JK flip flop T flip flop Master slave flip flop
 Analysis of clocked sequential circuit state table state diagram state reduction state equations
 state assignments flip flop excitation table & characteristic equations
 Design procedure for sequential circuits
 Design with state reduction
 Applications of flipflop.
UNIT4 : Registers and Counters
 Asynchronous and Synchronous counter counters with MOD numbers Down counter UP/DOWN counter
 propagation delay in ripple counter programmable counter Pre settable counter BCD counter cascading counter applications
 Decoding in counter Decoding glitches Ring Counter Johnson counter Rotate left & Rotate right counter
 Registers – Buffer Shift left shift right shift left/Right registers parallel in parallel out
 serial in serial out parallel in serial out serial in parallel out registers.
UNIT5 :
 Random Access Memory Timing waveform Memory Decoding Internal Construction Coincident decoding
 Address multiplexing Read only memory – Combinational circuit implementation Type of ROMs combinational PLDs Programmable Logic Array (PLA)
 Programmable Array Logic (PAL) sequential programmable device.
 Analog to digital conversion – Ramp type dual slope integration successive approximation parallel conversion parallel/ serial conversion convertor specifications
 Digital to Analog convertors – Binary weighted & R/2R D to A convertors.
List of Experiments (expandable) :

 Verification of all the logic gates.
 Design of BCD to Excess3 code converter.
 Implementation of NAND & NOR as Universal gate.
 Design of RS JK T& D Flipflop.
 Multiplexer /De multipexer based boolean function
 Design of combinational circuit forth (i) Half adder (ii) Full adder (iii) Half subtractor (iv) Full subtractor
 Design various AD & DA convertors.
 Verify the truth table of SR flip flop
 Verify BCD to seven segment decoder
== END OF UNITS==
Syllabus of EX404 Power SystemI
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
UNIT1 : Overview of Electrical Energy Generation
 An overview of Electrical Energy Generation General background structure and components of power network.
 Power generation – Introduction to conventional nonconventional & distributed generation Effect of transmission voltage on power system economy.
 Selection of size of feeder.
 Comparison of isolated versus interconnected power system.
 Problems associated with modern large interconnected power system.
 Power Plant Economics – Load curves base load peak load load factor demand factor diversity factor capacity factor utilization factor cost of electricity capital cost
 fuel and operation cost.
UNIT2 : Transmission Line Components & Under Ground Cabling
 Inductance resistance and capacitance of transmission line Calculation of inductance for 1Φ and 3 Φ Single and double circuit line
 Concept of GMR and GMD Symmetrical & asymmetrical conduction configuration
 Calculation of capacitance for 2 wire and 3 wire systems
 Effect of ground or capacitance Capacitance calculation for symmetrical and asymmetrical 1phase and three phase Single and double circuit line
 Charging current Transposition of line Composite conductor
 Skin and proximity effect bundle conductor.
 Underground Cable Comparison of cables and overhead transmission lines
 Classification of cables requirement of cable construction
 capacitance of single and multicore cable economic core diameter
 dielectric stress in cable
 Grading of cables ionization of Heating of cables
 Phenomena of dielectric losses and sheath loss in cables
 Thermal resistance of cables.
UNIT3 : Transmission systems & performance of transmission line
 Various systems of transmission effect of system voltage comparison of conductor materials required for various overhead systems.
 Short Medium & long transmission line and their representation Nominal T Nominal Л Equivalent T and equivalent Л network models
 ABCD constants for symmetrical &asymmetrical network Mathematical solution to estimate regulation & efficiency of all types of lines.
 Surge Impedance loading Interpretation of long line equation and its equivalent equation.
 Tuned power lines.
 Power flow through transmission line Circle diagram Method of voltage control
 Static & rotating VAR generator transformer control
UNIT4 : Insulator & conductors
 Insulator & Mechanical design types of conductors used in overhead transmission line Types of line supports and towers
 Distribution of conductors over transmission towers
 Spacing between conductors Length of span and sag tension calculation for transmission line
 Wind & ice loading support of line at two different levels string chart Sag template
 Stringing of conductor
 Vibration and Vibration dampers.
 Insulator Materials used for transmission line insulations
 Types of insulator for overhead transmission line failure of insulator
 Voltage distribution of suspension insulator
 String efficiency Shielding and grading
UNIT5 : Voltage control & Distribution system
 AC single phase 3 phase 3wire & 4 wire distribution
 Kelvin’s law for most economical size of conductor Substation layout showing substation equipment
 bus bar single bus bar and sectionalized bus bar
 main and transfer for bus bar system
 sectionalized double bus bar system ring mains.
== END OF UNITS==
Syllabus of EX405 Control System
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
UNIT1 : Modeling of dynamic systems
 Modeling of dynamic systems : Electrical Mechanical and hydraulic systems Concept of transfer function Laplace Transform
 State space description of dynamic systems : Open and closed loop systems Signal flow graph Mason’s formula
 Components of control systems : Error detectors (Synchros & Potentiometer)
 Servomotors (AC & DC) tachogenerators power amplifier steeper motors.
UNIT 2 : Time – domain analysis
 Time – domain analysis of closed loop systems: Test signals time response of first and second order systems
 Time domain performance specifications
 Steady state error & error constants
 Feedback control actions: Proportional derivative and integral control.
UNIT3 : Stability
 Stability : RouthHurwitz stability analysis Characteristics equation of closed loop system root loci construction of loci
 Effect of adding poles and Zeros on the loci Stability by root loci.
UNIT4 : Frequency
 Frequency Domain analysis Bode plots
 Effect of adding poles and Zeros Polar plot
 Nyquist stability analysis
 Relative stability : Gain and phase margins.
UNIT5 : Design of control systems
 Design of control systems with PD/PI/PID Control in time domain and Frequency domain lead lag Laglead compensation
 Design of compensating networks.
 Solution of state equation : Eigen values & eigenvectors digitalization state transitive matrix
List of Experiments (expandable) :

 Time response of second order system.
 Characteristics of Synchros.
 Effect of feedback on servomotors.
 Determination of transfer function of AC servomotor
 Determination of transfer function of DC motor.
 Formulation of PI & PD controller and study of closed loop responses of 1st and 2nd order dynamic systems.
 State space model for classical transfer function using MATLAB.
 Simulation of transfer function using operational amplifier.
 Design problem: Compensating Networks of lead and lag.
 Temperature controller using PID.
 Transfer function of a DC generator.
 Characteristics of AC servomotor.
 Use of MATLAB for root loci and Bode plots of type1 type2 systems.
 Study of analog computer and simulation of 1st order and 2nd order dynamic equations.
 Formulation of proportional control on 1st order and 2nd order dynamic systems.
 Feedback control of 3rd order dynamic Systems
 Study of lead and lag compensating networks.
 Effect of adding poles & zeros on root loci and bode plots of type1 type2 systems through MATLAB.
== END OF UNITS==
Syllabus of EX406 Python
Source: (rgpv.ac.in)
UNIT1 : Python –Overview
 Introduction
 History
 Features
UNIT2 : Python –Environment Setup
 Local Environment Setup
 Getting Python
 Installation of Python
 Use of IDE
UNIT3 : Python –Basic Syntax
 Python Identifiers
 Reserved Words
 Lines & Indentation
 Multiline Statements
 Quotation in Python
 Comments & other useful constructs
UNIT4 : Python –Variables
 Assigning Values to Variables
 Multiple Assignment
 Standard Data Types
 Python Numbers
 Python Strings
 Python Lists
 Python Tuples
 Data Type Conversion
UNIT5 : Python –Basic Operators
 Types of Operators
 Arithmetic Operators
 Comparison Operators
 Assignment Operators
 Bitwise Operators
 Logical Operators
 Operator Precedence
UNIT6 : Python –Decision Making
 If statement Flowchart & Syntax
UNIT7 : Python –Loops
 Available loops flowchart
 Syntax
 Usage
UNIT8 : PythonFunctions
 Defining a Function
 Syntax
 Calling a Function
 Function Arguments
 Anonymous Functions
UNIT9 : PythonApplications & Further Extensions
== END OF UNITS==
==End of Syllabus==