**Syllabus of B. Tech. V Sem EX (RGPV)**

Table of Contents

Toggle**Syllabus of EX-501 Electrical Machine-II **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 : D.C. Machine-I**

- Basic construction of DC machines;

- types of DC machines and method of excitation;

- lap and wave windings;

- Emf equation;

- armature reaction and methods of limiting armature reaction;

- Commutation process and methods for improving commutation;

- Basic performance of DC generators and their performance characteristics;

- Metadyne and Amplidyne;

- permanent magnet DC motors;

- Brush less dc motors.

**UNIT-2 : D.C. Machine-II**

- Basic operation of DC motors; Torque equation;

- Operating characteristics of DC motors Starting of DC motors- 2point 3 point and 4 point starters;

- speed control of DC motors;

- losses and efficiency of DC machines;

- testing of DC machines direct testing Swinburne’s test and Hopkinson’s test.

- Application of DC machines.

**UNIT-3 : Synchronous Machine-I**

- Construction;

- types of prime movers;

- excitation system including brushless excitation;

- polyphase distributive winding integral slot and fractional slot windings;

- emf equation generation of harmonics and their elimination;

- armature reaction;

- synchronous reactance and impedance equivalent circuit of alternator relation between generated voltage and terminal voltage

- voltage regulation of alternators using synchronous impedance mmf zpf and new A.S.A method.

**UNIT-4 : Synchronous Machine-II**

- Salient pole machines;

- two reaction theory equivalent circuit model and phasor diagram;

- determination of XdandXqby slip test;

- SCR and its significance;

- regulation of salient pole alternator power angle equation and characteristics;

- synchronizing of alternator with infinite busbar;

- parallel operation and load sharing;

- synchronizing current synchronizing power and synchronising torque coefficient;

- synchro scopes and phase sequence indicator;

- effect of varying excitation and mechanical torque.

**UNIT-5 : Synchronous machine-III**

- Synchronous motor operation starting and stopping of synchronous motor pull in torque motor under load power and torque

- reluctance torque effect of excitation effect of armature reaction power factor adjustment V curves inverted V curves

- synchronous motors as power factor correcting device super synchronous and sub synchronous motors hunting and damper winding efficiency and losses.

- Analysis of short circuit oscillogram determination of various transient sub transient and steady reactances and time constants

- expression of transient and sub transient reactances in terms of self and mutual inductances of various winding short circuit current equivalent circuit.

- Single phase synchronous motors- hysteresis motor reluctance motor.

- Repulsion motor stepper motor switched reluctance

**List of Experiments :**

- To plot magnetisation characteristic of a separately excited DC generator
- To perform load test on DC generators.
- To perform load test on DC series and shunt motor
- To perform Swinburn’s test on a DC machine and find out its efficiency under full load condition.
- To conduct Hopkinson’s test on a pair of DC shunt machine.
- To perform OCC and SCC test on an alternator and determine its regulation.
- To determine regulation of alternator using mmf and zpf methods.
- To synchronise alternator with infinite bus bar.
- To plot V and inverted V curves for a synchronous motor
- To find Xdand Xqof salient pole synchronous machine by slip test.
- To Determine negative sequence and zero sequence reactance of an alternator.
- To determine subtransient direct axis and quadrature axis synchronous reactances of salient pole machine.

** == END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-502 Power Electronics **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 :**

- Advantages and application of power electronic devices characteristics Symbol & application of power diodes power transistors

- GTO Triac Diac Power MOSFET IGBT LASCR Fast recovery diode schottey diode MCTs.

- Principle of operation of SCR Two transistor analogy brief idea of construction of SCR Static characteristics of SCR

- Condition of turn on & off of SCR Gate characteristics

- Method for turning on of SCR Turnoff methods different commutation techniques (Class ABCDE & F Commutation) firing of SCR

- Resistance firing Ckt Resistance capacitance firing circuit UJT firing cut and ramp triggering firing for 3-Φ circuit.

- SCR rating & protection of SCR over voltage Over current Superior firing

- Design of snubber circuit and protection of gate of SCR heating cooling & mounting of SCR series and parallel operation of SCR

- String efficiency & problem associated with series and parallel operation of SCR.

**UNIT-2 :**

- Operation and analysis of single phase (Half wave & Full Wave) and multiphase (Three Phase)uncontrolled and controlled rectifier circuit with resistive

- resistive & inductive load (continuous & non continuous conduction FW small & very large inductive loads) and RLE loads.

- Estimation of average load voltage and load current for above rectifier circuits active and reactive power input.

- Effect of freewheeling diode and source inductance on performance of these rectifier circuits .

- Comparison of mid-point & Bridge rectifier circuits.

**UNIT-3 :**

- Series and parallel inverter Voltage source & current source inverter

- Single phase and three phase bridge inverter Self-cumulated inverters

- Mc- murray& MC murray bed ford inverters

- Voltage control of single phase and three phase bridge inverter

- Harmonics & their reduction techniques.

**UNIT-4 :**

- Principle of chopper operation Various control strategies in chopper

- Step up & step-up/step down choppers chopper configuration (Type AB CD & E)

- Steady state analysis of chopper circuits

- Current & voltage commutation of chopper circuits Jones & Morgens chopper.

**UNIT-5 :**

- Single phase (midpoint & bridge configuration) and three phase cyclo convertor configuration and operating principles.

- AC voltage controllers (using SCRs &Traics) single phase full wave controller with R and RL load

- Estimation of RMS load voltage RMS load current and input power factor

- three phase AC voltage controller (Without analysis) Dual converter Switched mode voltage regulator buck

- Boost Buch & Boost Ck regulators.

**List of Experiments (expandable) :**

- VI Characteristics Of SCR
- VI Characteristics Of DIAC
- VI Characteristics Of BJT
- Characteristics Of TRIAC
- VI Characteristics Of MOSFET
- Transfer Characteristics Of MOSFET
- Output Characteristics Of IGBT
- Transfer Characteristics Of IGBT
- Single Phase SCR Half Controlled Converter With R Load
- 1φ Scr Fully Controlled Converter With R-Load
- Study Of 3φ SCR Half Controlled Converter
- Study Of 3φ SCR Fully Controlled Converter
- Study Of Classes Of Commutation ABCDEF and block rotor test on a 1- phase IM and determine its equivalent circuit.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-503 (A) Electrical Power Generation & Economy ** **(Departmental Elective) **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 :**

**Introduction :**Energy sources and their availability

- Principle types of power plants their special features and applications

- Present status and future trends.

**Hydro Electric Power Plants :**Essentials Classifications Hydroelectric survey Rainfall run-off

- Hydrograph Flow duration curve Mass curve Storage capacity Site selection Plant layout various components

- Types of turbines Governor and speed regulation

- Pumped storage

- Small scale hydro electric plants (mini and micro).

**UNIT-2 :**

**Thermal Power Plant :**General developing trends Essentials Plant layout

- Coal its storage Preparation Handling

- Feeding and burning Cooling towers

- Ash handling

- Water treatment plant High pressure boilers and steam turbines

- Components of thermal power plant.

**UNIT-3 :**

**Non-Conventional Power Generation :**Geothermal power plants

- Electricity from biomass

- Direct energy conversion systems (Solar and Wind) Thermo-electric conversion system

- Fuel cells Magneto-Hydro dynamic system

**UNIT-4 :**

**Gas Turbine Power Plants :**Field of use Components

- Plant layout Comparison with steam power plants combined steam and gas power plants.

**Nuclear Power Plant :**Nuclear fuels Nuclear energy

- Main components of nuclear power plant

- Nuclear reactors types and applications

- Radiation shielding

- Radioactive and waste disposal safety aspect.

**UNIT-5 :**

**Power Plant Economics :**Cost of electrical energy

- Selection of type of generation and generation equipment

- Performance and operating characteristics of power plants

- Economic scheduling principle Load curves

- Effect of load on power plant design

- Load forecasting electric tariffs Peak load pricing.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-503 (B) Wind & Solar Energy ** **(Departmental Elective) **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**UNIT-1 : Solar Energy-Basic Concepts**

- Introduction The Sun as Source of Energy The Earth Sun

- Earth Radiation Spectrum Extra-terrestrial and Terrestrial Radiations

- Spectral Power Distribution of Solar Radiation

- Depletion of Solar Radiation.

- Measurement of Solar Radiation Solar Radiation Data Solar Time Solar Radiation Geometry Solar Day Length

- Extra-terrestrial Radiation on Horizontal Surface

- Empirical Equations for Estimating Terrestrial Solar Radiation on Horizontal Surface

- Solar Radiation on Inclined Plane Surface

**UNIT-2 : Solar Thermal Systems**

- Introduction Solar Collectors Solar Water Heater

- Solar Passive Space Heating and Cooling Systems

- Solar Industrial Heating Systems

- Solar Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems

- Solar Cookers

**UNIT-3 : Solar Photovoltaic Systems**

- Introduction Solar Cell Fundamentals

- Solar Cell Characteristics Solar Cell Classification Solar Cell Technologies Solar Cell

- Module and Array Construction

- Maximizing the Solar PV Output and Load Matching.

- Maximum Power Point Tracker.

- Balance of System Components

- Solar PV Systems Solar PV Applications.

**UNIT-4 : Wind Energy**

- Introduction Basic Principles of Wind Energy Conversion

- History of Wind Energy Wind Energy Scenario – World and India.

- The Nature of the Wind The Power in the Wind Forces on the Blades

- Wind Energy Conversion Wind Data and Energy Estimation Site Selection Considerations.

- Wind energy systems: Environment and Economics Environmental benefits and problems of wind energy

- Economics of wind energy.

**UNIT-5 : Basic Components of a Wind Energy Conversion(WEC) System**

- Classification of WEC systems Advantages and Disadvantages of WECS

- Types of Wind Machines (Wind Energy Collectors)

- Analysis of Aerodynamic Forces Acting on the Blade

- Performance of Wind- machines Generating Systems

- Energy Storage Applications of Wind Energy

- Environmental Aspects.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-503 (C) Renewable Power Generation ** **(Departmental Elective) **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 :**

- World Energy Use – Reserves of Energy Resources

- Environmental Aspects of Energy Utilisation

- Renewable Energy Scenario in Tamil nadu India and around the World

- Potentials – Achievements / Applications

- Economics of renewable energy systems.

**UNIT- 2 :**

- Solar Radiation – Measurements of Solar Radiation

- Flat Plate and Concentrating Collectors

- Solar direct Thermal Applications – Solar thermal Power Generation

- Fundamentals of Solar Photo Voltaic Conversion – Solar Cells

- Solar PV Power Generation – Solar PV Applications

**UNIT-3 :**

- Wind Data and Energy Estimation – Types of Wind Energy Systems

- Performance – Site Selection – Details of Wind Turbine Generator

- Safety and Environmental Aspects

**UNIT-4 :**

- Biomass direct combustion

- Biomass gasifiers – Biogas plants

- Digesters

- Ethanol production – Bio diesel – Cogeneration

- Biomass Applications

**UNIT-5 :**

- Tidal energy – Wave Energy – Open and Closed OTEC Cycles

- Small Hydro-Geothermal Energy – Hydrogen and Storage

- Fuel Cell Systems – Hybrid Systems.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-504 (A) Industrial Electronics ** **(Open Elective) **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**UNIT-1 :**

- Power supply rectifiers (half wave full wave) performance parameters of power supplies

- filters (capacitor inductor inductor-capacitor pi filter) bleeder resistor voltage multipliers .

- Regulated power supplies (series and shunt voltage regulators fixed and adjustable voltage regulators current regulator) switched regulator (SMPS)

- comparison of linear and switched power supply

- switch mode converter (flyback buck boost buk-boost cuk converters).

**UNIT-2 :**

- Silicon controlled rectifies (SCR) constructional features principle of operation SCR terminology turn-on methods turn-off methods

- triggering methods of SCR circuits types of commutation

- comparison ofthyristors and transistors thermal characteristics of SCR

- causes of damage to SCR SCR over voltage protection circuit

- Line commutated converters (half wave rectifier with inductive and resistive load single phase and three phase full wave rectifiers).

**UNIT-3 :**

- Other members of SCR family Triacs Diacs Quadracs recovery characteristics fast recovery diodes

- power diodes power transistor power MOSFET

- Insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT)

- loss of power in semiconductor devices

- comparison between power MOSFET

- power transistor and power IGBT.

**UNIT-4 :**

- Applications of OP-AMP Basics of OP-AMP relaxation oscillator window comparator

- Opcomp as rectangular to triangular pulse converter and vice- versa

- Wien bridge oscillator function generator

- frequency response of OP-AMP simplified circuit diagram of OP-AMP

- power supplies using OP-AMP

- filters (low-pass high pass) using OP-AMP

**UNIT-5 :**

- Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)Functions applications

- advantages and disadvantages of PLC over conventional relay controllers

- comparison of PLC with process control computer system

- factors to be considered in selecting PLC functional block diagram of PLC

- microprocessor in PLC memory

- input and output modules (interface cards) sequence of operations in a PLC

- status of PLC event driven device ladder logic language

- simple process control applications of PLC

- Programming examples.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX- 504 (B) Electromagnetic Theory ** **(Open Elective) **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**UNIT-1 :**

- Cartesian cylindrical & spherical co-ordinate systems scalar & vector fields gradient divergence & curl of a vector field

- Divergence theorem & Stokes’s theorem concept of vectors.

- Electrostatic Fields – Coulomb’s law electric field intensity due to different charge distribution viz. line charge sheet charge

- Field due to continuous volume – electric potential properties of potential function potential gradient equipotential surfaces line of force

- Gauss law applications of Gauss law Gauss law in point form method of images.

**UNIT-2 :**

- Laplace’s & Poisson’s equations solution of Laplace’s equation Electric dipole dipole moment potential & electric field intensity due to dipole

- Behavior of conductors in an electric field.

- Conductor & insulator electric field inside a dielectric polarization

- Boundary value conditions for electric Field

- Capacitance & Capacitances of various types of capacitors

- Energy stored and energy density in static electric field

- Current density conduction & convection current density ohms law in point form

- equation of continuity.

**UNIT-3 :**

- Static Magnetic Field Biot-Savart’s law Magnetic Field intensity due to straight current carrying filament

- circular square and solenoidal current carrying wire

- Relationship between magnetic flux flux density & magnetic Field intensity; Ampere’s circuital law and its applications

- magnetic Field intensity due to infinite sheet and various other configurations

- Ampere’s circuital law in point form

- Magnetic force moving charge in a magnetic field

- Lorentz Force on straight and long current carrying conductors in magnetic field force between two long & parallel current carrying conductors.

- Magnetic dipole & dipole moment a differential current loop as dipole torque on a current carrying loop in magnetic field Magnetic Boundary conditions.

**UNIT-4 :**

- Scalar magnetic potential and its limitations Vector magnetic potential and its properties vector magnetic potential due to different simple configurations;

- Self and Mutual inductances determination of self & mutual inductances self inductance of solenoid toroid coils mutual inductance between a straight long wire & a square loop.

- Energy stored in magnetic Field & energy density Faraday’s Law transformer & motional EMFs Displacement current

- Maxwell’s equations as Generalization of circuit equations

- Maxwell’s equation in free space

- Maxwell’s equation for harmonically varying Field static and steady fields

- Maxwell’s equations in differential & integral form.

**UNIT-5 :**

**Electro Magnetic Waves :**Uniform plane wave in time domain in free space

- Sinusoidally time varying uniform plane wave in free space

- Wave equation and solution for material medium Uniform plane wave in dielectrics and conductors

- Pointing Vector theorem instantaneous average and complex poynting vector power loss in a plane conductor energy storage

- Polarization of waves Reflection by conductors and dielectric – Normal & Oblique incidence

- Reflection at surface of a conducting medium surface impedance transmission line analogy

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-504 (C) Electrical and Electronic Materials ** **(Open Elective) **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 :**

- Crystal structure of materials crystal systems unit cells and space lattices and defects

- Classes of Engineering Materials – Metals & alloys ferrous and non-ferrous alloys low alloy steels

- aluminium alloys copper alloys stainless steels cast iron ceramics organic polymers and composite material.

- Classification of solids from electrical engineering point of view.

- Conducting material – properties of conductors characteristics of good conductor material commonly used conducting materials conductor materials for overhead lines

- types of conductors conductor for underground cables conductor materials used in electrical machines

- resistor materials types of resistors materials for bus bar.

**UNIT- 2 :**

**Dielectric Materials :**Dielectric strength factors affecting dielectric strength dielectric loss dissipation factor factors affecting dielectric loss

- permittivity & polarization charging and discharging of dielectric conduction through dielectric.

- Application of dielectric different types of capacitors and materials used for them.

- Insulating materials their– thermal and chemical mechanical & electrical property.

- Insulating materials like ceramic mica glass rubber resins wax varnishes Class of insulator.

- Transformer oils & their testing.

- Piezoelectricity & Ferro electricity

**UNIT-3 :**

- Concept of energy band diagram for materials – conductors semiconductors and insulators

**Applications of semi conductor materials :**type of semi conductors working and applications of semiconductors

- Temperature sensitive elements photoconductive cells photo voltaic cells;

- Varistor Hall effect generator LCD

- Light dependent resistors LEDs piezo – electric materials semiconductor laser and its characteristics

- photo conductors – photo diodes avalanche photo diode photo transistors.

**UNIT-4 :**

**Classification of magnetic materials :**Dia-magnetism Para magnetism

- Ferromagnetism magnetization curve hysteresis loop

- Magnetostriction

- Factors affecting permeability and hysteresis

- Anti – ferromagnetism Ferromagnetism

- Magnetic resonance B-H curve for different magnetic materials

- loss of magnetism impurities in ferromagnetic materials

- soft and hard magnetic materials ferrites

**UNIT-5 :**

- Superconductivity & it’s application. Materials of MHD generator

- Thermoelectric generators Thermionic conductors

- Physical properties & Electrical properties of SF6

- Specification of SF6 gas for GIS application

- Advantages and Applications of SF6

- Nanomaterials Ultra Light materials and metallic foams

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EX-506 MATLAB **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**UNIT-1 : MATLAB**

- Basic simulation Mechanism and Simulation Tools

- Starting and Ending MATLAB MATLAB Desktop

- Help Browser Types of Files Command Input Assistance

- Operators and Special Characters

- Variables and Arrays Handling Arrays

- Useful Built-in Functions Control Structures

- Input / Output Commands File Handling

**UNIT-2 : Introduction to Plotting**

- The plot command Formatting and Labeling a Plot

- Multiple Plots Adding Legend Sub Plots

- Plotting Complex Data 2-D and 3-D Plots

- Plotting a Function Plot Editor

- Interactive Plotting using Plotting Tool

**UNIT-3 : Programming in MATLAB**

- MATLAB Editor MATLAB Programming

- Debugging MATLAB Programs MATLAB Debugger

- Functions and Function Files Differential Equation Solver

- Symbolic Mathematics

- Programming Examples

**UNIT-4 : Basic Electrical and Networks**

- Applications Analysis of Electrical Networks

- Experiments based on Solution of Series-Parallel Circuits

- Solution of system with linear equations

- Experiments based on mesh and nodal analysis

- Experiments for Validation of Network Theorems

- Solution of Network Problems.

**== END OF UNITS==**

** ==End of Syllabus== **