**Syllabus of B. Tech. III Sem EC (RGPV)**

Table of Contents

Toggle**Syllabus of BT-301 Mathematics-III **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**Module-1 : ** **Numerical Methods**

- Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations – Bisection method

- Newton-Raphson method and Regula-Falsi method.

- Finite differences Relation between operators

- Interpolation using Newton’s forward and backward difference formulae.

**Interpolation with unequal intervals :**Newton’s divided difference and Lagrange’s formulae.

**Module-2 : Numerical Methods**

- Numerical Differentiation

**Numerical integration :**Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s 1/3rd and 3/8 rules.

- Solution of Simultaneous Linear Algebraic Equations by Gauss’s Elimination

- Gauss’s Jordan Crout’s methods Jacobi’s

- GaussSeidal and Relaxation method.

**Module-3 : Numerical Methods**

**Ordinary differential equations:**Taylor’s series

- Euler and modified Euler’s methods.

- RungeKutta method of fourth order for solving first and second order equations. Milne’s and Adam’s predicator-corrector methods.

**Partial differential equations :**Finite difference solution two dimensional Laplace equation and Poission equation

- Implicit and explicit methods for one dimensional heat equation (Bender-Schmidt and Crank-Nicholson methods)

- Finite difference explicit method for wave equation.

**Module-4 : Transform Calculus**

- Laplace Transform Properties of Laplace Transform

- Laplace transform of periodic functions.

- Finding inverse Laplace transform by different methods

- convolution theorem.

- Evaluation of integrals by Laplace transform

- solving ODEs by Laplace Transform method

- Fourier transforms.

**Module-5 : Concept of Probability**

- Probability Mass function

- Probability Density Function

- Discrete Distribution: Binomial

- Poisson’s

**Continuous Distribution :**Normal Distribution

- Exponential Distribution.

** == END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EC-302 Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 : Theory of Measurement**

- Introduction

**Characteristics of Instruments and measurement systems (Static &Dynamic) Error analysis:**Sources types and statistical analysis.

**Instrument Calibration :**Comparison Method.

- DC and AC Ammeter, DC Voltmeter- Chopper type and solidstate

- AC voltmeter using Rectifier.

- Average RMS Peak responding voltmeters

- Multi-meter, Power meter

- Bolometer and Calorimeter.

**UNIT-2 : CRO**

- Different parts of CRO Block diagram

- Electrostatic focusing Electrostatic deflection

- Post deflection acceleration.

- Screen for CRTs Graticules

- Vertical and Horizontal deflection system

- Time base circuit Oscilloscope Probes Applications of CRO

- Special purpose CROs- Multi input Dual trace

- Dual beam Sampling Storage (Analog and Digital) Oscilloscope.

** Bridges :**

- Maxwell’s bridge (Inductance and Inductance-Capacitance)

- Hay’s bridge Schering bridge (High voltage and Relative permittivity)

- Wein bridge.

- Impedance measurement by Q meter

**UNIT-3 : **** (Transducer) :**

- Classification of Transducers

- Strain gauge Displacement, Transducer Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) and Rotary Variable Differential Transformer (RVDT)

- Temperature Transducer- Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD)

- Thermistor Thermocouple

- Piezo-electric transducer

- Optical Transducer- Photo emissive

- Photo conductive Photo voltaic

- Photo-diode Photo Transistor

**UNIT-4 :**

- Signal and Function Generators

- Sweep Frequency Generator

- Pulse and Square Wave Generator

- Beat Frequency Oscillator

- Digital display system and indicators

- Classification of Displays

**Display devices :**Light Emitting diodes (LED) and Liquid Crystal Display(LCD).

**UNIT-5 :**

- Advantages of Digital Instrument over Analog Instrument

- Digital-to-analog conversion (DAC) – Variable resistive type

- R-2R ladder Type Binary ladder

- Weighted converter using Op-amp and transistor

- Practical DAC.

- Analog-todigital Conversion (ADC) – Ramp Technique

- Dual Slope Integrating Type

- Integrating Type (voltage to frequency)

- Successive Approximations.

- Digital voltmeters and multi-meters

- Resolution and sensitivity of digital multi-meter.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EC-303 Digital System Design **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 : Number Systems**

- Decimal Binary Octal and Hexadecimal systems

- conversion from one base to another Codes-BCD

- Excess- 3 Gray Reflected ASCII EBCDIC.

- Logic gates and binary operations- AND OR NOT NAND NOR

- Exclusive–OR and Exclusive– NOR Implementations of Logic Functions using gates NAND–NOR implementations – Multi level gate implementations- Multi output gate implementations.

- Boolean postulates and laws – De-Morgan’s Theorem – Principle of Duality

- Boolean function Canonical and standard forms

- Minimization of Boolean functions MintermMaxterm

- Sum of Products (SOP) Product of Sums (POS)

- Karnaugh map Minimization

- Don’t care conditions

- Quine-McCluskey method of minimization.

**UNIT-2 : Combinational logic circuits**

- Half adder – Full Adder – Half subtractor – Full subtractor– Parallel binary adder

- parallel binary Subtractor – Fast Adder – Carry Look Ahead adder– Serial.

- Adder/Subtractor – BCD adder – Binary Multiplier – Binary Divider – Multiplexer/De-multiplexer – decoder – encoder – parity checker – parity generators – code converters – Magnitude Comparator.

**UNIT-3 : Sequential Logic Design**

- Building blocks like S-R

- JK and Master-Slave JK FF

- Edge triggered FF Finite state machines

- Design of synchronous FSM

- Algorithmic State Machines charts.

- Designing synchronous circuits like Pulse train generator

- Pseudo Random Binary Sequence generator

- Clock generation

**UNIT-4 : Registers and Counters**

- Asynchronous Ripple or serial counter.

- Asynchronous Up/Down counter – Synchronous counters – Synchronous Up/Down counters – Programmable counters – Design of Synchronous counters:

- state diagram-State table –State minimization –State assignment – Excitation table and maps-Circuit.

- Implementation – Modulo–n counter

- Registers – shift registers – Universal shift registers.

- Shift register counters – Ring counter – Shift counters – Sequence generators.

**UNIT-5 : Logic Families and Semiconductor Memories**

- TTL NAND gate Specifications

- Noise margin Propagation delay

- fan-in fan-out Tristate TTL ECL

- CMOS families and their interfacing

- Memory elements

- Concept of Programmable logic devices like FPGA.

- Logic implementation using Programmable Devices.

** DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN LAB**

- Study of different basic digital logic gates and verification of their Truth Table.
- Study and verification of the law of Boolean Algebra and De-Morgan’s Theorem.
- Construction and verification of various combinational circuits such as Half Adder n Full Adder Half & Full Subtractor.
- Study of Multiplexer De-multiplexer.
- Study of Different Code Converters Encoder Decoder.
- Construction and verification of various types of Flip-Flops using gates and IC’s.
- Construction and Verification of different Shift Registers.
- Construction and verification of different types of Counters.
- Study of important TTL technologies Verifications of important TTL Circuit n Parameters.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EC-304 Electronic Devices **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**UNIT-1 : Semiconductor Material Properties**

- Elemental & compound semiconductor materials

- Bonding forces and Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon

- Charge carrier in semiconductors

- carrier concentration Junction properties

- Equilibrium condition biased junction

- Steady state condition

- breakdown mechanism (Rectifying Diodes Zener Diodes)

- Metal Semiconductor Junction.

**Special diodes :**Tunnel diodes Varactor diodes

- Schottky diode Photo diodes

- Photodetector LED solar cell.

**UNIT-2 :**

**Diode circuits :**Ideal and Practical diode Clipper Clamper.

**Power Supply :**Rectifiers-Half wave Full wave Bridge rectifier

- filter circuits Voltage regulation using shunt & series regulator circuits

- Voltage regulation using IC.

**UNIT-3 :**

**Fundamentals of BJT :**Construction basic operation

- current components and equations CB

- CE and CC configuration

- input and output characteristics Early effect

- Region of operations: active cut-off and saturation region.

- BJT as an amplifier. Ebers-Moll model

- Power dissipation in transistor (Pd max rating) Photo transistor.

**Transistor biasing circuits and analysis :**Introduction

**various biasing methods :**Fixed bias Self bias

- Voltage Divider bias Collector to base bias

**Load-line analysis :**DC and AC analysis

- Operating Point and Bias Stabilization and Thermal Runaway.

- Transistor as a switch.

**UNIT-4 :**

**Small Signal analysis :**Small signal Amplifier

- Amplifier Bandwidth Hybrid model

- analysis of transistor amplifier using h-parameter

**Multistage Amplifier :**Cascading amplifier

- Boot-strapping Technique

- Darlington amplifier and cas-code amplifier

- Coupling methods in multistage amplifier

- Low and high frequency response

- Hybrid πmodel Current Mirror circuits.

**Large Signal analysis and Power Amplifiers :**Class A Class B Class AB

- Class C Class D

- Transformer coupled and Push-Pull amplifier

**UNIT-5 :**

**FET construction- JFET:**Construction n-channel and p-channel

- transfer and drain characteristics

- parameters Equivalent model and voltage gain

- analysis of FET in CG CS and CD configuration.

- Enhancement and Depletion MOSFET drain and transfer Characteristics.

**Unijunction Transistor (UJT) and Thyristors :**UJT: Principle of operation characteristics

- UJT relaxation oscillator.

**ELECTRONIC DEVICES LAB **

1. Diode Characteristic

a) pn junction diode Characteristics and Static & Dynamic resistance measurement from graph.

b) To plot Zener diode Characteristics curve.

2. Clipper Clamper

a) To plot the Characteristics curve of various clamper circuits.

b) To plot the Characteristics curve of various clamper circuits.

3. Half wave full wave & bridge rectifier

a) To measure Vrms Vdc for half wave full wave & bridge rectifier.

b) To measure ripple factor ratio of rectification for full wave & half wave rectifier.

4. Voltage regulation using zener diode shunt regulator and transistor series voltage regulator in the following cases

a) Varying input

b) Varying load

5. Characteristic of BJT

a) To plot the input & output Characteristics curve in CB & CE configuration

b) To find α & β and Q point from the above curve.

c) To plot the Characteristics curve of various clipper circuits.

6. h- Parameter To measure h- parameter (Av Ai Ro & Ri) in CE Amplifier

7. Multi Stage Amplifier

a) To plot the Characteristics curve for Direct Coupled Amplifier.

b) To plot the Characteristics curve for RC Coupled Amplifier.

c) To plot the Characteristics curve for transformer Coupled Amplifier.

8. FET Characteristic

a) To plot the Characteristics curve for n channel – JFET in CS configuration.

b) To find out pinch off voltage from the above characteristics curve

9 UJT Characteristic

a) To plot the Characteristics curve for UJT.

b) To determine intrinsic stand off ratio.

**== END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EC-305 Network Analysis **

**Source**: (rgpv.ac.in)

**UNIT-1 :**

**Introduction to circuit theory :**basic circuit element RLC and their characteristics in terms of linearity & time dependent nature

- voltage & current sources

- controlled & uncontrolled sources KCL and KVL analysis

- Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors;

- Concept of phasor & vector

- impedance & admittance

- Nodal & mesh analysis

- analysis of magnetically coupled circuits.

- Dot convention coupling coefficient

- tuned circuits

- Series & parallel resonance

**UNIT-2 :**

**Network Graph theory :**Concept of Network graph

- Tree Tree branch & link

- Incidence matrix

- cut set and tie set matrices

- dual networks

**UNIT-3 :**

**Network Theorems :**Thevenin’s & Norton’s

- Super positions Reciprocity

- Compensation Substitution

- Maximum power transfer and Millman’s theorem

- Tellegen’s theorem

- problems with dependent & independent sources.

**UNIT-4 :**

**Transient analysis :**Transients in RL RC&RLC Circuits initial& final conditions time constants. Steady state analysis

**Laplace transform :**solution of Integro-differential equations transform of waveform synthesized with step ramp Gate and sinusoidal functions Initial & final value theorem Network Theorems in transform domain.

**UNIT-5 :**

**Two port parameters :**Z Y ABCD Hybrid parameters

- their inverse & image parameters

- relationship between parameters

- Interconnection of two ports networks

- Reciprocity and Symmetry in all parameter.

**EXPERIMENTS LIST:-**

- To Verify Thevenin Theorem and Superposition Theorem.
- To Verify Reciprocity Theorem and Millman’s Theorem.
- To Verify Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.
- To Determine Open Circuit and Short Circuit parameters of a Two Port Network.
- To Determine AB C D parameters of a Two Port Network.
- To determine h parameters of a Two Port Network.
- To Find Frequency Response of RLC Series Circuit RLC parallel Circuit and n determine resonance and 3dB frequencies.
- To determine charging and discharging times of Capacitors.

** == END OF UNITS==**

**Syllabus of EC-306 EMI Lab **

**Source**: __(rgpv.ac.in)__

**List of Experiments:**

- Study of Cathode Ray Oscilloscope.
- Study of displacement measurement by LVDT.
- Force measurement by strain gauge.
- Measurement of Capacitor using Q-meter.
- Measurement of Self-induction using Q-meter.
- Temperature measurement by thermistor.
- Study of optical Transducers: Photo-diode Photo-Transistor.
- Design of digital to analog converter R-2R ladder Type and analysis of its characteristics.
- To measurement of the unknown Inductance by using Maxwell’s bridge method.
- To measurement of the unknown capacitance by using Schering bridge method.
- To measurement of the unknown Frequency by using Wein’s bridge method.
- To measurement of the unknown Inductance by using Hay’s bridge method.
- To calculate Frequency and amplitude using CRO & Function Generator.
- To calculate Frequency using Lissajious Pattern.
- To study RVDT.
- Study of Function Generator.
- Temperature measurement by thermocouple.
- Temperature measurement by RTD.
- Study of optical Transducers: Photo conductive Photo voltaic.
- To study digital Multimeter.

**== END OF UNITS==**

** ==End of Syllabus== **